This publication aims to present solutions for the development of human capital through partnerships between the public and private sectors in Kazakhstan. As an illustration of this approach, it recommends setting up a business linkage programme for skills development in the Information Technology (IT) sector.
ICT is a key economic sector where skills
development plays an important role.
The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector, understood as the production of hardware, software, communication equipment and the provision of corresponding services, is a large sector in OECD economies, accounting for about 8.6% of business value added (OECD, 2012a). It is also a sector the development of which benefits the rest of the economy, through improved competitiveness and faster productivity increases.
The OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Eurasia Competitiveness Programme has been supporting the Government of Kazakhstan to diversify its economy through its Sector Competitiveness Strategy project since 2009. This handbook is the final deliverable of the second phase of the project and includes recommendations to overcome policy barriers to access finance, particularly in the agribusiness sector. It builds on Phase I of the project, which identified improved access to finance as a priority for enhancing competitiveness in Kazakhstan.
Since the inception of this project, the OECD has involved the Government of Kazakhstan, international and local private sector companies, business associations, international organisations and civil society organisations, to identify the main policy barriers, prioritise the most relevant policy options, and design recommendations and an implementation plan.
The project is conducted in collaboration with the Government of Kazakhstan, including the ministry of Agriculture, and is co-financed by the European Union.
This handbook is the outcome of work conducted by the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme under the authority of the Central Asia Initiative Steering Committee, in consultation with the Government of Kazakhstan and with participation of the private sector in Kazakhstan.
Representatives from the Prime Minister’s office, the Deputy Prime Minister’s office, several ministries, government agencies, private sector associations and private sector companies in Kazakhstan contributed to this report.